How Uterine Fibroids Affect Pregnancy?

How Uterine Fibroids Affect Pregnancy?

Uterine Fibroids are not life threatening tumors that grow inside the womb. It is one of the common complications that occur during pregnancy. It may further impact the fertility of a woman. It is common to have (medically defined) symptoms of uterine fibroids. About 20 to 80 percent of women develop noncancerous growth of uterine fibroids by the age of 50. Between the age of 25 to 40, women may have symptoms of fibroids. This means uterine fibroids are common and can affect the childbearing capability of a woman.

SRV Hospital Chembur possesses a specialty in gynecology and obstetrics. It has more than 15 specialties that define the ethics of the hospital. The nurses and other medical staff of the hospital serve you in a peaceful place and comforting environment so that nothing can bother you at the time of treatment.

What are the effects of uterine fibroids on pregnancy?

Most of the time, women do not experience difficulty with the occurrence of uterine fibroids. However, it has been researched that fibroids often develop complications. The most common symptom of uterine fibroids is pain during pregnancy. Also, a fibroid of more than 5 centimeters is seen in women with the last two trimesters.

Signs and symptoms of fibroids

While many women do not experience any underlying symptoms of uterine fibroids, many women experience noticeable symptoms of it. These are:

  • Heavy bleeding 

Those who have developed fibroids may have heavy bleeding during menstruation. It may be accompanied by pain, cramps, irregular excessively high bleeding. These conditions may lead to anemia and other complications. 

  • Feeling of fullness

This is the common sensation that occurs in the lower part of the stomach. The condition is often accompanied by bloating in the lower abdomen.

  • Excessive urination

There can also be the urge to use the washroom. A woman with fibroids may not be able to control urine.

  • Pain during sex

Another common symptom of fibroids is pain during sex especially in the area of the pelvic. The pain may be constant or intermittent. It can likewise be dull or sharp.

  • Lower back pain

It is one of the common indicators of the presence of uterine fibroids in the uterus or cervix.

  • Pregnancy complications

It has been found in research that women who have fibroids are at least 6 times more at risk for C-section delivery than those without fibroids. Other than this, fibroids can cause several complications like:

  • Miscarriage
  • Premature birth
  • Bleeding
  • Affect on the baby’s birthing position
  • Damage to the placenta- the tube which carried minerals, food, and vitamins to the baby from the mother’s body
  • Infertility

Although it happens in rare cases, there can be chances of not becoming pregnant. Around 5 to 10 percent of women experiencing fibroids have difficulty in conceiving a healthy baby. They may also become infertile after some time. Also, fertility interventions like IVF are less effective in women with fibroids.

What complications may occur due to uterine fibroids?

Fibroids may increase the risk of complications during or after pregnancy. It may lead to:

  • Fetal growth restriction: if the fibroids are larger, they may prevent the growth of the baby inside the womb. This may decrease the room for the baby.
  • Placental abruption: This mostly occurs when the fibroids disturb the passage and break the wall of the uterine attached to the placenta. Thereby, it decreases the exchange of gases, minerals, and food between the mother and the fetus. It can also cause the death of the baby inside the womb leading to extreme bleeding.
  • Preterm delivery: pain related to fibroids may lead to uterine contraction. This may result in early delivery.
  • Cesarean delivery: This is the C-section delivery that involves cutting of the womb for the delivery of the child. Women who have fibroids are more at risk of having C-section delivery than women without fibroids.
  • Breech position: The position of the baby may change. It may not be the standardized position that may help in vaginal delivery. Because of the abnormal shape of the child, the baby may not be able to align with the normal delivery.
  • Miscarriage: Women are likely to be affected by miscarriage due to fibroids.

What are the effects of fibroids on fertility?

It is not always true that fibroids may cause a woman to be infertile. Many women who have uterine fibroids may have natural pregnancies with normal delivery. But, in some cases, fibroids may impact fertility. For example, submucosal fibroids are the type of fibroids that cause bulges into the uterine, and thereby increase the risk of infertility or can also lead to pregnancy loss.

How to treat fibroids during pregnancy?

If it takes place during pregnancy, the treatments and the chances of removing uterine fibroids are lesser. These treatments may affect the fetus. However, if you first want to get treated with fibroids, you may have to drop your fetus first. Thereafter, you can use medications to decrease the size of the growing fibroids. But, during pregnancy, there are limited options for treatment. You may take bed rest, hydrate yourself, and the use of mild relievers can help you to manage the symptoms of fibroids or bad health.

In many rare cases, a myomectomy can be performed in women especially during the second half of the pregnancy. The procedure focuses on removing fibroids from outside the uterus or within the uterine wall. Moreover, fibroids growing in the cavity of the uterus can be left due to possible risks to the fetus.

SRV Hospital Chembur is an associate partner of Credihealth. With Credihealth you can book your early appointments, order medicines, concern any certified doctor in the time of need from any recognized hospital, etc. For a second opinion, you can connect with the executives of Credihealth by giving a missed call @ 8010-994-994 or write an email @

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