Ovarian cyst: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Types, Treatment, and Surgery

Ovarian cyst: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Types, Treatment, and Surgery

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac formed from an accumulation of cells. It is usually benign, but it can sometimes become malignant. Besides, a cyst may be seen as solid.  Yet, it is more like a tumor than a fluid-filled sac, but only when it has matured and begins to rupture or when the surface area of the cyst increases. Therefore, Ovarian Cyst is typically found on the ovaries or ovaries and fallopian tubes in women and the testicles in men. 

The Top Gynecologist in Delhi explains that the fallopian tubes are blocked and may cause hormonal imbalance. The fallopian tubes are then called uterine tubes because they lead to the uterus, where fertilized eggs implant during pregnancy after these tubes have delivered sperm into them. 

Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst

Cysts are most commonly found in the ovaries or fallopian tubes, but they can also be seen in the uterus, intestines, and appendix. They are not always symptomatic. If symptoms arise, they may include:

  • Pain during the sexual activity
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Pain bowel movement
  • Fever
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sharp pain
  • Heaviness
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain
  • Hypothyroid
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Menstrual pain

Diagnosis Towards Treatment of an Ovarian Cyst

In some cases, a cyst may need to be biopsied for a definite diagnosis, and this is typically best done with an ultrasound. If the cyst has ruptured, it may need treatment to prevent infection from spreading throughout the female reproductive system. The doctor can remove most benign ovarian cysts in surgery and do not require additional drugs or radiation therapy.

  • Pregnancy test
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood test
  • Laparoscopy
  • Urine test
  • Imaging test 

Types of Ovarian Cyst

There are many types of cysts, and there is no uniform treatment protocol for all conditions, but often the treatment will be common.

  1. Follicular Cysts- These is cysts, usually fluid-filled, that grow in a follicle of an ovary. The follicles are the most mature egg-containing sacs, and these cysts are usually benign, but they can become malignant (cancerous) without any symptoms.
  2. Cystadenomas are rare benign tumors of the ovary containing mucus or solid elements. It grows slowly and does not very often rupture. 
  3. Ovarian Tumors-These is a rare mass that arises from the ovaries and occurs in about 1% of all women between 30–50 years old.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Treatment will depend on the cyst itself and the patient’s symptoms or risk factors. For example, a patient with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer may need to remove their cyst to avoid becoming malignant. Thus, treatment is very important. Therefore, take treatment from the top gynecologist in Delhi for better results.

A patient who has symptoms based on the location and size of the cyst may need treatment. It helps with discomfort or to prevent further complications. However, there are many different types of treatment for ovarian cysts. Besides, you can expect treatment on an outpatient basis. 

The top gynecologist in Delhi may perform the following procedure for ovarian cyst;

  • Laparoscopy
  • Ovarian cystectomy
  • Oophorectomy
  • Total hysterectomy

Cystectomy/Removal Surgery of an Ovarian Cyst 

A cyst is an accumulation of fluid within the wall of a gland. These cysts are most commonly located in the follicles in the ovaries and are called follicular cysts. There are many types of ovarian cyst removal, depending on the type and size of the cyst. A procedure that addresses all types is complete laparoscopic (keyhole surgery) or open (open surgery).

However, each ovarian cyst has its approach to treatment. It depends on hormonal factors, different frequencies, and medical conditions. Furthermore, it also includes pre-existing medical problems and family history. Apart from this, the amount of cysts in the fallopian tube is also one of the deciding factors. 

Prevention from Ovarian Cyst

The only way of preventing ovarian cysts is to have your ovaries and fallopian tubes removed as a part of a hysterectomy. 

Besides, ovarian cysts have many risk factors, and the doctor can determine most of them can be easily and genetically. Many women have asymptomatic cysts and never develop symptoms. 

Factors associated with developing an ovarian cyst include:

 It is important to note that ovarian cysts need not be benign. Ovarian cysts can be malignant (tumors) or non-malignant (benign tumors). However, you can say such severe ovarian cysts can cause ovarian cancer. 

Cystitis: a condition of infection or inflammation of the bladder, commonly caused by bacteria including “Escherichia” species and “Proteus”.

The doctor can diagnose ovarian cyst by a combination of symptoms and lab work. An upper abdominal/abdominal mass is not normal in every case, so a pelvic exam is one of the most effective ways to test for cystitis. Signs that indicate cystitis include:


Ovarian cysts can occur in women of all ages, races, and ethnicity. They have been one of the most common diagnoses in females throughout history. Because they may not be symptomatic, many women are unaware of the disease until complications arise. 

The doctor may remove the Ovarian cysts without further treatment, or pelvic pain can ensue if left untreated. Besides, you need to understand the different types of ovarian cysts to make an informed decision. In addition, the best gynecologist in Delhi knows about your treatment options and proceeds accordingly with your conditions. 

Therefore, make sure to take immediate treatment for ovarian cyst. Further to this, you can book an online consultation with the top gynecologist in Delhi through Credihealth. Credihealth helps you to get the best medical advice for your condition. Thus, no matter how severe it is. 

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